Dark pigmentation on face can be uncomfortable. Doctors call this condition hyperpigmentation. It is a condition in which the skin of your face develops small dark spots than the surrounding skin. Dark pigmentation is mostly associated with the overproduction of melanin. Melanin production in the body is affected by different factors. For instance, hyperpigmentation is one of the elements that affected melanin production, which is a result of the changed level of hormones in the body. Hyperpigmentation is usually harmless and a common skin condition.
Causes of Dark Pigmentation on Face
Depending on the cause of the dark pigmentation on the face, there are three main types of hyperpigmentation:
Type 1: Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation is caused by skin inflammation or as a result of an injury. Acne is a common cause.
Type 2: Sunspot is also known as solar lentigines or liver spots. Sunspot is a result of excess sun rays. Addison’s disease is a rare endocrine disease that can cause hyperpigmentation in areas exposed to the sun.
Type 3: Melasma, which mostly develops during pregnancy and is caused by hormonal imbalance. Other causes of hyperpigmentation on the face are:
- Hormonal imbalances. Changes in the hormone level affect the production of melanin in other women.
- Some medications. It is worth noting that certain medications can also cause hyperpigmentation.
- Skin aging.
- Liver damage.
- Hereditary factors, in other cases, the condition can be inherited.
Those at Risk
Hyperpigmentation is a common condition, and it affects all despite your skin type. Dark pigmentation on the face occurs much more often in women than in men. For women, this is especially true during their pregnancy period. Also, since this condition is a result of excess production of melanin, the condition is likely to affect those with dark complexion than those with a light complexion. Epidemiological studies have shown that this condition tends to develop more among skin of color patients compared to Caucasians. Also, the condition is more widespread among Asians with darker skin, such as Indians and Malays, than those with lighter skin, such as the Chinese.
How Patients Are Affected by This Condition
Despite the availability of multiple treatments for the condition, hyperpigmentation continues to be a challenge to its patients. Since the condition is not comfortable, the patient’s self-esteem is diminished.
Prevention and treatment of Dark Pigmentation on Face
The following are effective ways to treat hyperpigmentation:
- Skin lightening Skin Care
- Light and Laser Treatments
- Skin Lightening Mask
- Hormones stabilizing is one of the treatments for the dark pigmentation.
- You can protect your skin with clothing, sunglasses, and sunscreen.
- Stay hydrated: Drinking an adequate amount of water help to get rid of dangerous toxins in your body.
- Eat skin-friendly food. A healthy diet does wonders for your skin tone. You should take food rich in vitamins C and E as well as omega-3 fatty acids.
- You can use remedies to get rid of these dark pigmentations on the face like cucumber, aloe vera, neem leaves, grapeseed, lemon, and rosehip.
- Avoid picking on the face skin. To protect yourself from hyperpigmentation formation after getting an injury, avoid scabs, acne, and picking at the spots.